study

[stuhd-ee]
noun, plural studies.
1.
application of the mind to the acquisition of knowledge, as by reading, investigation, or reflection: long hours of study.
2.
the cultivation of a particular branch of learning, science, or art: the study of law.
3.
Often, studies. a personal effort to gain knowledge: to pursue one's studies.
4.
something studied or to be studied: Balzac's study was human nature.
5.
research or a detailed examination and analysis of a subject, phenomenon, etc.: She made a study of the transistor market for her firm.
6.
a written account of such research, examination, or analysis: He published a study of Milton's poetry.
7.
a well-defined, organized branch of learning or knowledge.
8.
zealous endeavor or assiduous effort.
9.
the object of such endeavor or effort.
10.
deep thought, reverie, or a state of abstraction: He was lost in study and did not hear us come in.
11.
a room, in a house or other building, set apart for private study, reading, writing, or the like.
12.
Also called étude. Music. a composition that combines exercise in technique with a greater or lesser amount of artistic value.
13.
Literature.
a.
a literary composition executed for exercise or as an experiment in a particular method of treatment.
b.
such a composition dealing in detail with a particular subject, as a single main character.
14.
Art. something produced as an educational exercise, as a memorandum or record of observations or effects, or as a guide for a finished production: She made a quick pencil sketch of his hands as a study for the full portrait in oils.
15.
a person, as an actor, considered in terms of his or her quickness or slowness in memorizing lines: a quick study.
verb (used without object), studied, studying.
16.
to apply oneself to the acquisition of knowledge, as by reading, investigation, or practice.
17.
to apply oneself; endeavor.
18.
to think deeply, reflect, or consider.
19.
to take a course of study, as at a college.
verb (used with object), studied, studying.
20.
to apply oneself to acquiring a knowledge of (a subject).
21.
to examine or investigate carefully and in detail: to study the political situation.
22.
to observe attentively; scrutinize: to study a person's face.
23.
to read carefully or intently: to study a book.
24.
to endeavor to learn or memorize, as a part in a play.
25.
to consider, as something to be achieved or devised.
26.
to think out, as the result of careful consideration or devising.

Origin:
1250–1300; (noun) Middle English studie < Old French estudie < Latin studium, equivalent to stud(ēre) to be busy with, devote oneself to, concentrate on + -ium -ium; (v.) Middle English studien < Old French estudier < Medieval Latin studiāre, derivative of studium

studiable, adjective
studier, noun
nonstudy, noun, plural nonstudies.
outstudy, verb (used with object), outstudied, outstudying.
prestudy, verb (used with object), prestudied, prestudying, noun, plural prestudies.
restudy, noun, plural restudies, verb, restudied, restudying.


1. inquiry, research, reading, thought, consideration. 7. subject, field, area. 11. library, den. 21. Study, consider, reflect, weigh imply fixing the mind upon something, generally doing so with a view to some decision or action. Study implies an attempt to obtain a grasp of something by methodical or exhaustive thought: to study a problem. To consider is to fix the thought upon something and give it close attention before making a decision concerning it, or beginning an action connected with it: to consider ways and means. Reflect implies looking back quietly over past experience and giving it consideration: to reflect on similar cases in the past. Weigh implies a deliberate and judicial estimate, as by a balance: to weigh a decision.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
study (ˈstʌdɪ)
 
vb , studies, studying, studied
1.  to apply the mind to the learning or understanding of (a subject), esp by reading: to study languages; to study all night
2.  (tr) to investigate or examine, as by observation, research, etc: to study the effects of heat on metal
3.  (tr) to look at minutely; scrutinize
4.  (tr) to give much careful or critical thought to
5.  to take a course in (a subject), as at a college
6.  (tr) to try to memorize: to study a part for a play
7.  (intr) to meditate or contemplate; reflect
 
n , studies, studying, studied, studies
8.  a.  the act or process of studying
 b.  (as modifier): study group
9.  a room used for studying, reading, writing, etc
10.  (often plural) work relating to a particular discipline: environmental studies
11.  an investigation and analysis of a subject, situation, etc: a study of transport provision in rural districts
12.  a product of studying, such as a written paper or book
13.  a drawing, sculpture, etc, executed for practice or in preparation for another work
14.  a musical composition intended to develop one aspect of performing technique: a study in spiccato bowing
15.  theatre a person who memorizes a part in the manner specified: a quick study
16.  in a brown study in a reverie or daydream
 
[C13: from Old French estudie, from Latin studium zeal, inclination, from studēre to be diligent]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

study
early 12c., from O.Fr. estudier "to study" (Fr. étude), from M.L. studiare, from L. studium "study, application," originally "eagerness," from studere "to be diligent" ("to be pressing forward"), from PIE *(s)teu- "to push, stick, knock, beat" (see steep (adj.)). The
noun meaning "application of the mind to the acquisition of knowledge" is recorded from c.1300. Sense of "room furnished with books" is from c.1300. Study hall is attested from 1891, originally a large common room in a college. Studious is attested from late 14c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

study stud·y (stŭd'ē)
n.
Research, detailed examination, or analysis of an organism, object, or phenomenon. v. stud·ied, stud·y·ing, stud·ies
To research, examine, or analyze something.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

study

see brown study.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
The subject of the study is challenged with thought experiments involving a
  runaway railway trolley or train carriage.
And the study shows that consumers learn lessons: they made better decisions as
  the experiment progressed.
The best way to learn what a successful last page piece is, and how it works,
  is to study several of them.
If you get tongue-tied when trying to learn a new language, your genes may be
  to blame, a new study suggests.
Idioms & Phrases
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