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sturdy1

[stur-dee] /ˈstɜr di/
adjective, sturdier, sturdiest.
1.
strongly built; stalwart; robust:
sturdy young athletes.
2.
strong, as in substance, construction, or texture:
sturdy walls.
3.
firm; courageous; indomitable:
the sturdy defenders of the Alamo.
4.
of strong or hardy growth, as a plant.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English stourdi < Old French estourdi dazed, stunned, violent, reckless (past participle of estourdir < ?)
Related forms
sturdily, adverb
sturdiness, noun
unsturdily, adverb
unsturdiness, noun
Synonyms
1. hardy, muscular, brawny, sinewy, stout, strong, powerful. 3. resolute, vigorous, determined, unconquerable.
Antonyms
1. weak.

sturdy2

[stur-dee] /ˈstɜr di/
noun, Veterinary Pathology
1.
gid.
Origin
1560-70; noun use of sturdy1 in obsolete sense “giddy”
Related forms
sturdied, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for sturdy
  • TO reduce the risk of a fall and subsequent injury, older people are often advised to wear sturdy shoes.
  • He is as sturdy an orthodox scientist as one might find.
  • One obvious risk to a sturdy recovery is the looming effect of tighter fiscal policy.
  • Most gardeners choose to grow wisteria up a wall or on a sturdy arbor or pergola.
  • Both the rear panel and the bezel cover are fashioned from thick, sturdy leather.
  • But it would be foolish, all the same, to pin many hopes on an immediate or sturdy recovery.
  • Simple rooms feature sturdy handcrafted furnishings, baths with organic toiletries.
  • The result is a sturdy structure that's unfazed by the freeze-and-thaw cycles that cause mortar to crumble.
  • The ants are fast enough to be difficult to catch, and sturdy enough to withstand a swift kick.
  • Running it takes an editor both deft and driven, a balance of restlessness and patience, and a sturdy spine.
British Dictionary definitions for sturdy

sturdy1

/ˈstɜːdɪ/
adjective -dier, -diest
1.
healthy, strong, and vigorous
2.
strongly built; stalwart
Derived Forms
sturdily, adverb
sturdiness, noun
Word Origin
C13 (in the sense: rash, harsh): from Old French estordi dazed, from estordir to stun, perhaps ultimately related to Latin turdus a thrush (taken as representing drunkenness)

sturdy2

/ˈstɜːdɪ/
noun
1.
(vet science) another name for staggers, gid
Derived Forms
sturdied, adjective
Word Origin
C17: from sturdy1 (in the obsolete sense: giddy)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sturdy
adj.

c.1300, "hard to manage, reckless, violent," from Old French estourdi "violent," originally "dazed," past participle of estourdir "to daze," from Vulgar Latin *exturdire, which is presumed to be from Latin intensive prefix ex + turdus "thrush." Perhaps the notion is of thrushes eating leftover grapes at wineries and acting drunk (Italian tordo "thrush" also means "simpleton," and French has the expression soûl comme une grive "drunk as a thrush"). OED, however, regards all this as "open to grave objection." Sense of "solidly built, strong and hardy" first recorded late 14c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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