[guhv-ern-muhnt, ‐er-muhnt]
the political direction and control exercised over the actions of the members, citizens, or inhabitants of communities, societies, and states; direction of the affairs of a state, community, etc.; political administration: Government is necessary to the existence of civilized society.
the form or system of rule by which a state, community, etc., is governed: monarchical government; episcopal government.
the governing body of persons in a state, community, etc.; administration.
a branch or service of the supreme authority of a state or nation, taken as representing the whole: a dam built by the government.
the particular group of persons forming the cabinet at any given time: The prime minister has formed a new government.
the parliament along with the cabinet: The government has fallen.
direction; control; management; rule: the government of one's conduct.
a district governed; province.
Grammar. the extablished usage that requires that one word in a sentence should cause another to be of a particular form: the government of the verb by its subject.

1350–1400; Middle English < Old French governement. See govern, -ment

governmental [guhv-ern-men-tl, ‐er-men] , adjective
governmentally, adverb
countergovernment, noun
nongovernment, noun
nongovernmental, adjective
pro-government, adjective
regovernment, noun
semigovernmental, adjective
semigovernmentally, adverb
subgovernment, noun
undergovernment, noun
ungovernmental, adjective
ungovernmentally, adverb

See collective noun.

Normal phonological processes are reflected in a variety of pronunciations for government. Most commonly, the first [n] of [guhv-ern-muhnt] assimilates to the immediately following [m] with the resulting identical nasal sounds coalescing to give the pronunciation [guhv-er-muhnt]. This pronunciation is considered standard and occurs throughout the U.S. For speakers in regions where postvocalic [r] is regularly lost, as along the Eastern Seaboard and in the South, the resulting pronunciation is [guhv-uh-muhnt] or, with loss of the medial unstressed vowel, [guhv-muhnt]. Further assimilation, in which the labiodental [v] in anticipation of the bilabial quality of the following [m] becomes the bilabial stop [b] leads in the South Midland and Southern U.S. to the pronunciation [guhb-muhnt] See isn't. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To subgovernment
World English Dictionary
government (ˈɡʌvənmənt, ˈɡʌvəmənt)
1.  the exercise of political authority over the actions, affairs, etc, of a political unit, people, etc, as well as the performance of certain functions for this unit or body; the action of governing; political rule and administration
2.  the system or form by which a community, etc, is ruled: tyrannical government
3.  a.  the executive policy-making body of a political unit, community, etc; ministry or administration: yesterday we got a new government
 b.  (capital when of a specific country): the British Government
4.  a.  the state and its administration: blame it on the government
 b.  (as modifier): a government agency
5.  regulation; direction
6.  grammar the determination of the form of one word by another word

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Word Origin & History

1550s, "system by which a thing is governed" (especially a state), from O.Fr. governement (Mod.Fr. gouvernement), from governer (see govern). Replaced M.E. governance. Meaning "action of governing" is from 1560s; meaning "governing power" in a given place is from 1702.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
Copyright © 2014, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature