subscript

[suhb-skript]
adjective
1.
written below (distinguished from adscript, superscript ).
2.
inferior ( def 9 ).
noun
3.
inferior ( def 11 ).
4.
Also called subfix. any character, number, or symbol written next to and slightly below another.

Origin:
1695–1705; < Latin subscrīptus (past participle of subscrībere to subscribe), equivalent to sub- sub- + scrīb(ere) to write + -tus past participle suffix

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World English Dictionary
subscript (ˈsʌbskrɪpt)
 
adj
1.  printing Compare superscript (of a character) written or printed below the line
 
n
2.  Also called: subindex a subscript character

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

subscript
1704, "that which is written underneath," from L. subscriptus, pp. of subscribere "write underneath" (see subscribe for etymology and sense development).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
We should mostly keep doing what we're doing now, using the parent star's name and giving each planet a letter subscript.
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