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subside

[suh b-sahyd] /səbˈsaɪd/
verb (used without object), subsided, subsiding.
1.
to sink to a low or lower level.
2.
to become quiet, less active, or less violent; abate:
The laughter subsided.
3.
to sink or fall to the bottom; settle; precipitate:
to cause coffee grounds to subside.
Origin of subside
1640-1650
1640-50; < Latin subsīdere, equivalent to sub- sub- + sīdere to sit, settle; akin to sedēre to be seated; see sit1
Related forms
subsidence
[suh b-sahyd-ns, suhb-si-dns] /səbˈsaɪd ns, ˈsʌb sɪ dns/ (Show IPA),
noun
subsider, noun
nonsubsiding, adjective
unsubsided, adjective
unsubsiding, adjective
Can be confused
subside, subsist.
subsidence, subsistence.
Synonyms
1. decline, descend, settle. 2. diminish, lessen, wane, ebb.
Antonyms
1. rise. 2. increase.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for subsidence
Historical Examples
  • There, as here, the substratum is porous limestone; and it is the subsidence of the layers which gives birth to the springs.

  • And now to wait as patiently as may be the subsidence of the waters.

  • This was the first example I had met with of a true barrier reef due to subsidence, as has been so clearly shown by Mr. Darwin.

    The Malay Archipelago Alfred Russell Wallace
  • On the whole the Carboniferous seems to have been a time of subsidence in the West.

    The Elements of Geology William Harmon Norton
  • The subsidence of the shore at Blackpool is, on the northern side, very palpable.

    Lancashire Leo H. (Leo Hartley) Grindon
  • The beginning of the Tertiary was therefore marked by a subsidence.

    The Elements of Geology William Harmon Norton
  • The duration of the Cretaceous subsidence must have been very great.

  • The only other alternative is to suppose a subsidence of the land below the level of the sea.

    Human Origins Samuel Laing
  • But by degrees through its subsidence, new worlds began to rise.

    A Woman of Genius Mary Austin
  • I cannot say the recognition wrought a subsidence of Hualpas fears.

    The Fair God Lew Wallace
British Dictionary definitions for subsidence

subsidence

/səbˈsaɪdəns; ˈsʌbsɪdəns/
noun
1.
the act or process of subsiding or the condition of having subsided
2.
(geology) the gradual sinking of landforms to a lower level as a result of earth movements, mining operations, etc

subside

/səbˈsaɪd/
verb (intransitive)
1.
to become less loud, excited, violent, etc; abate
2.
to sink or fall to a lower level
3.
(of the surface of the earth, etc) to cave in; collapse
4.
(of sediment, etc) to sink or descend to the bottom; settle
Derived Forms
subsider, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Latin subsīdere to settle down, from sub- down + sīdere to settle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for subsidence

subside

v.

1680s, "to sink to the bottom," from Latin subsidere "settle, sink, sit down or remain," from sub "down" (see sub-) + sidere "to settle," related to sedere (see sedentary). Meaning "to sink to a lower level, be reduced" is from 1706. Related: Subsided; subsiding.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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subsidence in Medicine

subsidence sub·si·dence (səb-sīd'ns, sŭb'sĭ-dns)
n.
Sinking or settling in a bone, as of a prosthetic component of a total joint implant.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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