a district lying immediately outside a city or town, especially a smaller residential community.
the suburbs, the area composed of such districts.
an outlying part.

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin suburbium, equivalent to sub- sub- + urb(s) city + -ium -ium

suburbed, adjective
unsuburbed, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
suburb (ˈsʌbɜːb)
a residential district situated on the outskirts of a city or town
[C14: from Latin suburbium, from sub- close to + urbs a city]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1340 (implied in suburban), "residential area outside a town or city," from O.Fr. suburbe, from L. suburbium "an outlying part of a city," from sub "below, near" + urbs (gen. urbis) "city." Close to crowds but just beyond the reach of municipal jurisdiction, suburbs in 17c., especially those of London,
had a sense of "inferior, debased, and licentious habits or life" (e.g. suburban sinner, slang for "loose woman, prostitute"). By 1817, the tinge had shifted to "inferior manners and narrow views." Compare also Fr. equivalent faubourg. Suburbanite formed 1890; suburbia first attested 1896, probably influenced by utopia, originally in England with ref. to London.
"[T]he growth of the metropolis throws vast numbers of people into distant dormitories where ... life is carried on without the discipline of rural occupations and without the cultural resources that the Central District of the city still retains." [Lewis Mumford, 1922]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Ask students if they know the difference between a city and a suburb.
Urban sprawl is visible in the expansion of suburb-style communities around city centers.
The new kind of suburb wasn't supposed to be so suburban.
So begins the succession from country to suburb to sprawl.
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