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succumb

[suh-kuhm] /səˈkʌm/
verb (used without object)
1.
to give way to superior force; yield:
to succumb to despair.
2.
to yield to disease, wounds, old age, etc.; die.
Origin
1480-1490
1480-90; < Latin succumbere, equivalent to suc- suc- + -cumbere, transitive derivative of cubāre to lie, recline; cf. incumbent
Related forms
succumber, noun
unsuccumbing, adjective
Synonyms
1. submit, accede, surrender.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for succumb

succumb

/səˈkʌm/
verb (intransitive) often foll by to
1.
to give way in face of the overwhelming force (of) or desire (for)
2.
to be fatally overwhelmed (by disease, old age, etc); die (of)
Derived Forms
succumber, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Latin succumbere to be overcome, from sub- + -cumbere from cubāre to lie down
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for succumb
v.

late 15c., from Middle French succomber, from Latin succumbere "submit, sink down, lie under," from sub "down" (see sub-) + -cumbere "take a reclining position," related to cubare "lie down" (see cubicle). Originally transitive; sense of "sink under pressure" is first recorded c.1600. Related: Succumbed; succumbing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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