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sulfate

[suhl-feyt] /ˈsʌl feɪt/
noun
1.
Chemistry. a salt or ester of sulfuric acid.
verb (used with object), sulfated, sulfating.
2.
to combine, treat, or impregnate with sulfuric acid, a sulfate, or sulfates.
3.
to convert into a sulfate.
4.
Electricity. to form a deposit of lead-sulfate compound on (the lead electrodes of a storage battery).
verb (used without object), sulfated, sulfating.
5.
to become sulfated.
Origin of sulfate
1780-1790
1780-90; < New Latin sulphātum. See sulfur, -ate2
Related forms
sulfation, noun
supersulfate, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for sulfate
Historical Examples
  • It is, however, practicable to have stock preparation of sulfate of copper and of lime ready for mixing when required.

    Ginseng and Other Medicinal Plants A. R. (Arthur Robert) Harding
  • sulfate of alumina neutralizes one-third of its weight of caustic.

    Soap-Making Manual E. G. Thomssen
  • And he was using Epsom salts—the sulfate, and magnesium citrate as laxatives.

    Cum Grano Salis Gordon Randall Garrett
  • The most readily available nitrogen in commercial form is that which is afforded by nitrate of soda and sulfate of ammonia.

  • When sulfate of copper and lime are added in this proportion, the compound is Bordeaux mixture.

    Ginseng and Other Medicinal Plants A. R. (Arthur Robert) Harding
  • To accomplish this the sulfate should be suspended at the surface of the water in a bag.

    Ginseng and Other Medicinal Plants A. R. (Arthur Robert) Harding
  • This is important for if the lime is added to so strong a solution of sulfate of copper, a curdling process will follow.

    Ginseng and Other Medicinal Plants A. R. (Arthur Robert) Harding
  • It must be remembered that the sulfate of alumina is added only for the fresh lye put into the tank.

    Soap-Making Manual E. G. Thomssen
  • The operator under such conditions first adds the sulfate of alumina, then the acid, using litmus paper as his indicator.

    Soap-Making Manual E. G. Thomssen
  • sulfate of copper can be dissolved in water and held in solution until needed.

    Ginseng and Other Medicinal Plants A. R. (Arthur Robert) Harding
Word Origin and History for sulfate
n.

1790 (sulphat), from French sulphate (1787), from Modern Latin sulphatum acidum, from Latin sulpur, sulphur (see sulfur) + chemical ending -ate (3). The spelling with -ph- is standard in Britain.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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sulfate in Medicine

sulfate sul·fate (sŭl'fāt')
n.

  1. A salt or an ester of sulfuric acid.

  2. The bivalent group SO4.

  3. A chemical compound containing such a group.

v. sul·fat·ed, sul·fat·ing, sul·fates
  1. To treat or react with sulfuric acid or a sulfate.

  2. To become sulfated.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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sulfate in Science
sulfate
  (sŭl'fāt')   
A salt or ester of sulfuric acid, containing the group SO4.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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