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sullen

[suhl-uh n] /ˈsʌl ən/
adjective
1.
showing irritation or ill humor by a gloomy silence or reserve.
2.
persistently and silently ill-humored; morose.
3.
indicative of gloomy ill humor.
4.
gloomy or dismal, as weather or a sound.
5.
sluggish, as a stream.
6.
Obsolete. malignant, as planets or influences.
Origin
1565-1575
1565-75; earlier solein, Middle English < ?
Related forms
sullenly, adverb
sullenness, noun
unsullen, adjective
unsullenly, adverb
Synonyms
1. See cross. 1, 2. See glum. 2. sulky, moody, sour, bad-tempered. 4. cheerless, clouded, overcast, somber, mournful, dark. 5. slow, stagnant.
Antonyms
1, 2. cheerful.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for sullenly
  • Then the parents give the kids a final hug and shuffle sullenly back to their depopulated urban nests.
  • But once they know they are to be rescued they sullenly castigate him.
  • Slumped in a chair, he peels the dirt from his palms as he talks sullenly about his short life.
  • He signified his attention sullenly, with a slight movement of his head.
British Dictionary definitions for sullenly

sullen

/ˈsʌlən/
adjective
1.
unwilling to talk or be sociable; sulky; morose
2.
sombre; gloomy: a sullen day
3.
(literary) sluggish; slow: a sullen stream
4.
(obsolete) threatening
noun
5.
(pl) (archaic) a sullen mood
Derived Forms
sullenly, adverb
sullenness, noun
Word Origin
C16: perhaps from Anglo-French solain (unattested), ultimately related to Latin sōlus alone
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sullenly

sullen

adj.

1570s, alteration of Middle English soleyn "unique, singular," from Anglo-French *solein, formed on the pattern of Old French soltain, from Old French soul "single" (see sole (n.2)). The sense shift in Middle English from "solitary" to "morose" occurred late 14c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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