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sultan

[suhl-tn] /ˈsʌl tn/
noun
1.
the sovereign of an Islamic country.
2.
(often initial capital letter) any of the former sovereigns of Turkey.
3.
any absolute ruler or despot.
Origin of sultan
1545-1555
1545-55; < Middle French < Turkish < Arabic sulṭān sovereign
Related forms
sultanic
[suhl-tan-ik] /sʌlˈtæn ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
sultanlike, adjective
sultanship, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for sultan

sultan

/ˈsʌltən/
noun
1.
the sovereign of a Muslim country, esp of the former Ottoman Empire
2.
an arbitrary ruler; despot
3.
a small domestic fowl with a white crest and heavily feathered legs and feet: originated in Turkey
Derived Forms
sultanic (sʌlˈtænɪk) adjective
sultan-like, adjective
sultanship, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Medieval Latin sultānus, from Arabic sultān rule, from Aramaic salita to rule
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for sultan
n.

1550s, from Middle French sultan "ruler of Turkey" (16c.), from Arabic sultan "ruler, king, queen, power, dominion," from Aramaic shultana "power," from shelet "have power." His wife, mother, daughter, concubine, or sister is a sultana.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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