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sump

[suhmp] /sʌmp/
noun
1.
a pit, well, or the like in which water or other liquid is collected.
2.
Machinery. a chamber at the bottom of a machine, pump, circulation system, etc., into which a fluid drains before recirculation or in which wastes gather before disposal.
3.
Mining.
  1. a space where water is allowed to collect at the bottom of a shaft or below a passageway.
  2. a pilot shaft or tunnel pushed out in front of a main bore.
4.
British, crankcase.
5.
British Dialect. a swamp, bog, or muddy pool.
Origin of sump
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English sompe < Middle Low German or Middle Dutch sump; cognate with German Sumpf; akin to swamp
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for sump
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • I ain' gwine squatulate wid 'em ner argyfy ner beg no mo', but I gwine whu'l right in an' do sump'n.'

  • It may have been on the office sofa or it may have been in the sump.

    A Safety Match Ian Hay
  • He 'uz gwine on dis a-way, w'en fus' news you know he tuck'n year sump'n'.

    Nights With Uncle Remus Joel Chandler Harris
  • That was the purpose of the four nuclear pumps in the sump hole.

    The Thirst Quenchers Rick Raphael
  • Ef I aint done come traipsin' off en lef' my ole man money-pus, en he got sump'n' in dar w'at he won't take a purty fer, needer!

    Nights With Uncle Remus Joel Chandler Harris
  • "He wuz jes signin' some kin' er deeds or sump'n," said Daddy.

    Diddie, Dumps & Tot Louise-Clarke Pyrnelle
  • "I got sump'n to tell you," said July, hastening to change an embarrassing subject.

    Captain Ted Louis Pendleton
  • Ef I ain't done come traipsin' off en lef' my ole man money-pus, en he got sump'n' in dar w'at he won't take a purty fer, needer!

    Nights With Uncle Remus Joel Chandler Harris
  • The cooling of oil in the sump (A) can be accomplished most effectively by radiating fins on its outer surface.

    Aviation Engines Victor Wilfred Pag
British Dictionary definitions for sump

sump

/sʌmp/
noun
1.
a receptacle, such as the lower part of the crankcase of an internal-combustion engine, into which liquids, esp lubricants, can drain to form a reservoir
2.
another name for cesspool
3.
(mining)
  1. a depression at the bottom of a shaft where water collects before it is pumped away
  2. the front portion of a shaft or tunnel, ahead of the main bore
4.
(Brit, dialect) a muddy pool or swamp
Word Origin
C17: from Middle Dutch somp marsh; see swamp
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sump
n.

early 15c., "marsh, morass," from Middle Dutch somp or Middle Low German sump, from Proto-Germanic *sumpaz. Meaning "pit to collect water" is first found 1650s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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