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[suhmp-choo-uh s] /ˈsʌmp tʃu əs/
entailing great expense, as from choice materials, fine work, etc.; costly:
a sumptuous residence.
luxuriously fine or large; lavish; splendid:
a sumptuous feast.
Origin of sumptuous
1475-85; < Latin sūmptuōsus, equivalent to sūmptu(s) expense (see sumptuary) + -ōsus -ous
Related forms
sumptuously, adverb
sumptuousness, noun
unsumptuous, adjective
unsumptuously, adverb
unsumptuousness, noun
Can be confused
sumptuary, sumptuous.
2. magnificent, luxurious, munificent. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for sumptuous
  • The festival is a three-day-long celebration that combines sumptuous feasts as well as rigid fasting.
  • The doctors trade their time for sumptuous cuisine, paid for by the sponsoring drug company.
  • The memory of the glamorous carriages, sumptuous cuisine, and personal service will stay with you forever.
  • Two sumptuous new coffee table books offer decidedly different insights into the enigmatic colossus.
  • The elegant rooms are beautifully decorated with old-style furniture and sumptuous fabrics.
  • sumptuous singing and lyricism at the keyboard are always collectable.
  • sumptuous fact-finding trips are an easy way of making hacks' heads softer and hearts warmer.
  • It is kept in a sumptuous subterraneous chapel in this church.
  • And yet with all this he combined great pretensions to elegance, to sumptuous dress, and noble bearing.
  • He inveighed exceedingly against sumptuous banquets.
British Dictionary definitions for sumptuous


expensive or extravagant: sumptuous costumes
magnificent; splendid: a sumptuous scene
Derived Forms
sumptuously, adverb
sumptuousness, sumptuosity (ˌsʌmptjʊˈɒsɪtɪ) noun
Word Origin
C16: from Old French somptueux, from Latin sumptuōsus costly, from sumptus; see sumptuary
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sumptuous

late 15c., from Old French sumptueux, from Latin sumptuosus "costly, expensive," from sumptus "cost, expense," past participle of sumere "spend, consume, take," contraction of *sub-emere, from sub- "under" + emere "to take, buy" (see exempt (adj.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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