supine

[adj. soo-pahyn; n. soo-pahyn]
adjective
1.
lying on the back, face or front upward.
2.
inactive, passive, or inert, especially from indolence or indifference.
3.
(of the hand) having the palm upward.
noun
4.
(in Latin) a noun form derived from verbs, appearing only in the accusative and the dative-ablative, as dictū in mirābile dictū, “wonderful to say.”
5.
(in English) the simple infinitive of a verb preceded by to.
6.
an analogous form in some other language.

Origin:
1490–1500; < Latin supīnus lying face up, inactive

supinely, adverb
supineness, noun
unsupine, adjective

prone, prostate, prostrate, supine.
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World English Dictionary
supine
 
adj
1.  lying or resting on the back with the face, palm, etc, upwards
2.  displaying no interest or animation; lethargic
 
n
3.  grammar sup a noun form derived from a verb in Latin, often used to express purpose with verbs of motion
 
[C15: from Latin supīnus related to sub under, up; (in grammatical sense) from Latin verbum supīnum supine word (the reason for this use is unknown)]
 
su'pinely
 
adv
 
su'pineness
 
n

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

supine
c.1500, from L. supinus "turned or thrown backwards, inactive, indolent," related to sub "under." The grammatical use for "Latin verbal noun formed from the past participle stem" is from L.L. supinum verbum "supine verb," perhaps so called because, though furnished with a noun case ending, it "falls
back" on the verb.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

supine su·pine (sōō-pīn', sōō'pīn')
adj.

  1. Lying on the back; having the face upward.

  2. Having the palm of the hand or sole of the foot upward.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
The measurements given refer to a moderately filled stomach with the body in the supine position.
In the final frame, his tormentor stands over his supine form.
He's a clumsy doofus for whom rising from a supine position can take all morning.
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