surcharge

[n. sur-chahrj; v. sur-chahrj, sur-chahrj]
noun
1.
an additional charge, tax, or cost.
2.
an excessive sum or price charged.
3.
an additional or excessive load or burden.
4.
Philately.
a.
an overprint that alters or restates the face value or denomination of a stamp to which it has been applied.
b.
a stamp bearing such an overprint.
5.
act of surcharging.
verb (used with object), surcharged, surcharging.
6.
to subject to an additional or extra charge, tax, cost, etc. (for payment).
7.
to overcharge for goods.
8.
to show an omission in (an account) of something that operates as a charge against the accounting party; to omit a credit toward (an account).
9.
Philately. to print a surcharge on (a stamp).
10.
to put an additional or excessive burden upon.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English surchargen (v.) < Old French surcharger. See sur-1, charge

surcharger, noun
unsurcharged, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
surcharge
 
n
1.  a charge in addition to the usual payment, tax, etc
2.  an excessive sum charged, esp when unlawful
3.  an extra and usually excessive burden or supply
4.  law the act or an instance of surcharging
5.  an overprint that alters the face value of a postage stamp
 
vb
6.  to charge an additional sum, tax, etc
7.  to overcharge (a person) for something
8.  to put an extra physical burden upon; overload
9.  to fill to excess; overwhelm
10.  law to insert credits that have been omitted in (an account)
11.  to overprint a surcharge on (a stamp)
 
sur'charger
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

surcharge
1429, from M.Fr. surcharger, from O.Fr. sur- "over" + chargier "to load" (see charge). The noun is first attested 1569.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Suppose, for instance, that food stamps carried a surcharge if used for beef.
The estimated costs are paid into a fund collected as a per kwh surcharge.
Taxing meats with a surcharge that would go into a fund to care for people with
  meat-induced illnesses would be one approach.
That's a small surcharge on a long distance or cell call, but it would be a
  prohibitive barrier for local service.
Related Words
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