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surfeit

[sur-fit] /ˈsɜr fɪt/
noun
1.
excess; an excessive amount:
a surfeit of speechmaking.
2.
excess or overindulgence in eating or drinking.
3.
an uncomfortably full or crapulous feeling due to excessive eating or drinking.
4.
general disgust caused by excess or satiety.
verb (used with object)
5.
to bring to a state of surfeit by excess of food or drink.
6.
to supply with anything to excess or satiety; satiate.
verb (used without object)
7.
to eat or drink to excess.
8.
to suffer from the effects of overindulgence in eating or drinking.
9.
to indulge to excess in anything.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; (noun) Middle English sorfete, surfait < Middle French surfait, surfet (noun use of past participle of surfaire to overdo), equivalent to sur- sur-1 + fait < Latin factus, past participle of facere to do (see fact); (v.) sorfeten, derivative of the noun
Related forms
unsurfeited, adjective
unsurfeiting, adjective
Synonyms
1. superabundance, superfluity. 5, 6. stuff, gorge. 6. fill.
Antonyms
1. lack.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for surfeit
  • Unfortunately, the basic appeal of such debates is often diluted by an excess of detail and a surfeit of characters.
  • Instead, the technology-driven surfeit of modern information has made the need for clarity and concision more acute.
  • It does them no harm, although if they eat too many they may have some difficulty digesting a surfeit of cicada skins.
  • Aside from a surfeit of hubris and pretense, their implementation problem is that the functional architecture is alien.
  • They are as sick that surfeit with too much, as they that starve with nothing.
  • Should the resident or visitor require wood, there is a surfeit.
  • It vivifies a reign of asceticism that followed upon our surfeit of freedom.
  • As more and more full genomes of various populations come online new methods will arise to take advantage of the surfeit of data.
  • Off-pitch howls emanate from a surfeit of sidewalk karaoke bars.
  • At the same time the anti-globalisation and green movements have stirred a consumer backlash against a surfeit of choice.
British Dictionary definitions for surfeit

surfeit

/ˈsɜːfɪt/
noun
1.
(usually foll by of) an excessive or immoderate amount
2.
overindulgence, esp in eating or drinking
3.
disgust, nausea, etc, caused by such overindulgence
verb
4.
(transitive) to supply or feed excessively; satiate
5.
(intransitive) (archaic) to eat, drink, or be supplied to excess
6.
(intransitive) (obsolete) to feel uncomfortable as a consequence of overindulgence
Derived Forms
surfeiter, noun
Word Origin
C13: from French surfait, from surfaire to overdo, from sur-1 + faire, from Latin facere to do
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for surfeit
n.

early 14c., "excess quantity;" late 14c., "overindulgence," from Old French surfet "excess," noun use of past participle of surfaire "overdo," from sur- "over" (see sur-) + faire "do," from Latin facere "to make" (see factitious).

v.

late 14c., from surfeit (n.). Related: Surfeited; surfeiting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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