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surfeit

[sur-fit] /ˈsɜr fɪt/
noun
1.
excess; an excessive amount:
a surfeit of speechmaking.
2.
excess or overindulgence in eating or drinking.
3.
an uncomfortably full or crapulous feeling due to excessive eating or drinking.
4.
general disgust caused by excess or satiety.
verb (used with object)
5.
to bring to a state of surfeit by excess of food or drink.
6.
to supply with anything to excess or satiety; satiate.
verb (used without object)
7.
to eat or drink to excess.
8.
to suffer from the effects of overindulgence in eating or drinking.
9.
to indulge to excess in anything.
Origin of surfeit
1250-1300
1250-1300; (noun) Middle English sorfete, surfait < Middle French surfait, surfet (noun use of past participle of surfaire to overdo), equivalent to sur- sur-1 + fait < Latin factus, past participle of facere to do (see fact); (v.) sorfeten, derivative of the noun
Related forms
unsurfeited, adjective
unsurfeiting, adjective
Synonyms
1. superabundance, superfluity. 5, 6. stuff, gorge. 6. fill.
Antonyms
1. lack.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for surfeit
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • He departed this life without having a surfeit of any sort of victuals, not even of barley cake.

    The Life of Mohammad Etienne Dinet
  • We may have enough of justice in our character as rebels to give us a surfeit of it.

    Micah Clarke Arthur Conan Doyle
  • They were not few, and a surfeit of publicity is a sufficient reason for not enumerating them here.

    A Modern Chronicle, Complete Winston Churchill
  • Ay, and in the enjoyment of external beauty a sort of surfeit is engendered.

    The Symposium Xenophon
  • Now will I give my sword, that hath hungered so long, to surfeit on the heart-eaters!

    The Fair God Lew Wallace
  • In the state it is all hunger at one end, and all surfeit at the other.

    Crotchet Castle Thomas Love Peacock
  • At the present day, we, of the easier classes, are in a state of surfeit and disgrace after meat.

  • She was ready to meet love with a surfeit of the rich gifts which she had at her command.

    "Unto Caesar" Baroness Emmuska Orczy
British Dictionary definitions for surfeit

surfeit

/ˈsɜːfɪt/
noun
1.
(usually foll by of) an excessive or immoderate amount
2.
overindulgence, esp in eating or drinking
3.
disgust, nausea, etc, caused by such overindulgence
verb
4.
(transitive) to supply or feed excessively; satiate
5.
(intransitive) (archaic) to eat, drink, or be supplied to excess
6.
(intransitive) (obsolete) to feel uncomfortable as a consequence of overindulgence
Derived Forms
surfeiter, noun
Word Origin
C13: from French surfait, from surfaire to overdo, from sur-1 + faire, from Latin facere to do
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for surfeit
n.

early 14c., "excess quantity;" late 14c., "overindulgence," from Old French surfet "excess," noun use of past participle of surfaire "overdo," from sur- "over" (see sur-) + faire "do," from Latin facere "to make" (see factitious).

v.

late 14c., from surfeit (n.). Related: Surfeited; surfeiting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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