survival

[ser-vahy-vuhl]
noun
1.
the act or fact of surviving, especially under adverse or unusual circumstances.
2.
a person or thing that survives or endures, especially an ancient custom, observance, belief, or the like.
3.
Anthropology. (no longer in technical use) the persistence of a cultural trait, practice, or the like long after it has lost its original meaning or usefulness.
adjective
4.
of, pertaining to, or for use in surviving, especially under adverse or unusual circumstances: survival techniques.

Origin:
1590–1600; survive + -al2

nonsurvival, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
survival (səˈvaɪvəl)
 
n
1.  a person or thing that survives, such as a custom
2.  a.  the act or fact of surviving or condition of having survived
 b.  (as modifier): survival kit

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

survival

in cultural anthropology, a cultural phenomenon that originates under one set of conditions and persists in a period when those conditions no longer obtain. The term was first employed by the British anthropologist Edward Burnett Tylor in his Primitive Culture (1871). Tylor believed that seemingly irrational customs and beliefs, such as peasant superstitions, were vestiges of earlier rational practices. He distinguished between continuing customs that maintained their function or meaning and those that had lost their utility and were further thought to be poorly integrated with the rest of culture. The latter he termed survivals.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
The good news is that early detection and new treatments have improved survival
  rates.
For evolutionists, everything begins and ends with the question of survival.
Some of their survival strategies are nothing short of ingenious.
Mice that are color-matched to their surroundings have a survival advantage
  over mismatched mice in each of the two habitats.
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