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swamp

[swomp] /swɒmp/
noun
1.
a tract of wet, spongy land, often having a growth of certain types of trees and other vegetation, but unfit for cultivation.
verb (used with object)
2.
to flood or drench with water or the like.
3.
Nautical. to sink or fill (a boat) with water.
4.
to plunge or cause to sink in or as if in a swamp.
5.
to overwhelm, especially to overwhelm with an excess of something:
He swamped us with work.
6.
to render helpless.
7.
to remove trees and underbrush from (a specific area), especially to make or cleave a trail (often followed by out).
8.
to trim (felled trees) into logs, as at a logging camp or sawmill.
verb (used without object)
9.
to fill with water and sink, as a boat.
10.
to sink or be stuck in a swamp or something likened to a swamp.
11.
to be plunged into or overwhelmed with something, especially something that keeps one busy, worried, etc.
Origin
1615-1625
1615-25; < Dutch zwamp creek, fen; akin to sump and to Middle Low German swamp, Old Norse svǫppr sponge
Related forms
swampish, adjective
underswamp, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for swamping

swamp

/swɒmp/
noun
1.
  1. permanently waterlogged ground that is usually overgrown and sometimes partly forested Compare marsh
  2. (as modifier): swamp fever
verb
2.
to drench or submerge or be drenched or submerged
3.
(nautical) to cause (a boat) to sink or fill with water or (of a boat) to sink or fill with water
4.
to overburden or overwhelm or be overburdened or overwhelmed, as by excess work or great numbers: we have been swamped with applications
5.
to sink or stick or cause to sink or stick in or as if in a swamp
6.
(transitive) to render helpless
Derived Forms
swampish, adjective
swampless, adjective
swampy, adjective
Word Origin
C17: probably from Middle Dutch somp; compare Middle High German sumpf, Old Norse svöppr sponge, Greek somphos spongy
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for swamping

swamp

n.

1624 (first used by Capt. John Smith, in reference to Virginia), perhaps a dialectal survival from an Old English cognate of Old Norse svoppr "sponge, fungus," from Proto-Germanic *swampuz; but traditionally connected with Middle English sompe "morass, swamp," probably from Middle Dutch somp or Middle Low German sump "swamp." Related to Old Norse svöppr "sponge." Swamp Yankee "rural, rustic New Englander" is attested from 1941.

v.

"overwhelm, sink (as if in a swamp)," 1772, from swamp (n.). Figurative sense is from 1818. Related: Swamped; swamping.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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swamping in Science
swamp
  (swŏmp)   
An area of low-lying wet or seasonally flooded land, often having trees and dense shrubs or thickets.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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