Word Origin & History
1614, from Low Ger., from M.L.G. Swede, back-formed from a source akin to O.E. Sweoðeod, lit. "Swede-people," from Sweon (pl.) "Swedes" (O.N., O.Swed. Sviar, L. Suiones). Sweden (1603) is from M.Du. Sweden, probably a dat. pl. of Swede (earlier in Eng. Sweden was used of the people and Swedeland
of the country). In O.E., the country was Sweoland or Sweorice (cf. O.N. sviariki, source of Swed. Sverige). The present Eng. form of the country name emerged 16c. in Scot. (Swethin, Swadne, etc.). Swedish is recorded from 1632.