a native or inhabitant of Sweden.
(lowercase) Chiefly British. a rutabaga.

1580–90; < Middle Dutch or Middle Low German; cognate with German Schwede; compare Old English Swēon (plural), Old Norse Svēar, Svīar, Medieval Latin Suiōnes

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World English Dictionary
swede (swiːd)
1.  a Eurasian plant, Brassica napus (or B. napobrassica), cultivated for its bulbous edible root, which is used as a vegetable and as cattle fodder: family Brassicaceae (crucifers)
2.  the root of this plant
3.  (NZ) a slang word for head
[C19: so called after being introduced into Scotland from Sweden in the 18th century]

Swede (swiːd)
a native, citizen, or inhabitant of Sweden

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1614, from Low Ger., from M.L.G. Swede, back-formed from a source akin to O.E. Sweoðeod, lit. "Swede-people," from Sweon (pl.) "Swedes" (O.N., O.Swed. Sviar, L. Suiones). Sweden (1603) is from M.Du. Sweden, probably a dat. pl. of Swede (earlier in Eng. Sweden was used of the people and Swedeland
of the country). In O.E., the country was Sweoland or Sweorice (cf. O.N. sviariki, source of Swed. Sverige). The present Eng. form of the country name emerged 16c. in Scot. (Swethin, Swadne, etc.). Swedish is recorded from 1632.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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