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[sin-kron-ik, sing-] /sɪnˈkrɒn ɪk, sɪŋ-/
adjective, Linguistics
having reference to the facts of a linguistic system as it exists at one point in time without reference to its history:
synchronic analysis; synchronic dialectology.
Also, synchronical.
Compare diachronic.
Origin of synchronic
1825-35; < Late Latin synchron(us) synchronous + -ic
Related forms
synchronically, adverb
nonsynchronic, adjective
nonsynchronical, adjective
nonsynchronically, adverb Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for synchronic
  • Both technically and artistically, the dubbing is synchronic and good, consistent with the canons of dramatic illusion and taste.
  • Perhaps this will do for the innate hardwired language approach what diachronic philology did for synchronic studies of language.
  • Results on crank propulsion indicated a significantly better performance using the synchronic mode.
  • Congruent and synchronic patterns in biogeography and speciation among seabirds, pinnipeds and cestodes.
  • Other previous and/or synchronic squamous carcinoma.
  • Results indicated a significantly better performance using the synchronic mode.
British Dictionary definitions for synchronic


concerned with the events or phenomena at a particular period without considering historical antecedents: synchronic linguistics Compare diachronic
Derived Forms
synchronically, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for synchronic

1833 shortening of synchronical (1650s), from Late Latin synchronus "simultaneous" (see synchronous). Linguistic sense is first recorded 1922, probably a borrowing from French synchronique (de Saussure, 1913).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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