syncope

[sing-kuh-pee, sin-]
noun
1.
Grammar. the contraction of a word by omitting one or more sounds from the middle, as in the reduction of never to ne'er.
2.
Pathology. brief loss of consciousness associated with transient cerebral anemia, as in heart block, sudden lowering of the blood pressure, etc.; fainting.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Late Latin syncopē < Greek synkopḗ a cutting short, equivalent to syn- syn- + kop- (stem of kóptein to cut) + feminine noun suffix

syncopic [sin-kop-ik] , syncopal, adjective
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World English Dictionary
syncope (ˈsɪŋkəpɪ)
 
n
1.  pathol a technical word for a faint
2.  the omission of one or more sounds or letters from the middle of a word
 
[C16: from Late Latin syncopa, from Greek sunkopē a cutting off, from syn- + koptein to cut]
 
syncopic
 
adj
 
'syncopal
 
adj

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

syncope
c.1400, from L.L. syncopen "contraction of a word," acc. of syncope, from Gk. synkope, "contraction of a word," originally "a cutting off," from synkoptein "to cut up," from syn- "together, thoroughly" + koptein "to cut." In pathology, "failure of the heart's action," hence "unconsciousness."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

syncope syn·co·pe (sĭng'kə-pē, sĭn'-)
n.
A brief loss of consciousness caused by a sudden fall of blood pressure or failure of the cardiac systole, resulting in cerebral anemia.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
One thought that these spells might be seizures rather than syncope.
Bush's heartbeat and lowered his blood pressure, making him faint, a reaction that is called vaso-vagal syncope.
There was no disease, but if there had been medical attendance, he might have survived the syncope or fainting.
In contrast to vertigo, syncope is caused by too little oxygen reaching the brain.
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