[sir-uhp, sur-]
any of various thick, sweet liquids prepared for table use from molasses, glucose, etc., water, and often a flavoring agent.
any of various preparations consisting of fruit juices, water, etc., boiled with sugar: raspberry syrup.
Pharmacology. a concentrated sugar solution that contains medication or flavoring.
verb (used with object)
to bring to the form or consistency of syrup.
to cover, fill, or sweeten with syrup.
Also, sirup.

1350–1400; < Medieval Latin syrupus < Arabic sharāb a drink; replacing Middle English sirop < Middle French < Medieval Latin, as above

syruplike, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
syrup (ˈsɪrəp)
1.  a solution of sugar dissolved in water and often flavoured with fruit juice: used for sweetening fruit, etc
2.  any of various thick sweet liquids prepared for cooking or table use from molasses, sugars, etc
3.  a liquid medicine containing a sugar solution for flavouring or preservation
4.  informal cloying sentimentality
5.  slang (Brit) a wig
6.  to bring to the consistency of syrup
7.  to cover, fill, or sweeten with syrup
[C15: from Medieval Latin syrupus, from Arabic sharāb a drink, from shariba to drink: sense 4 from rhyming slang syrup of fig]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1392, from O.Fr. sirop (13c.), and perhaps from It. siroppo, both from Arabic sharab "beverage, wine," lit. "something drunk," from verb shariba "he drank" (cf. sherbet). Sp. jarabe, jarope, O.Prov. eissarop are from Arabic; It. sciroppo is via M.L. sirupus.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

syrup syr·up (sĭr'əp, sûr'-)
A concentrated solution of sugar in water, often used as a vehicle for medicine.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Use a sweet fruit juice, juice concentrate or rice syrup in place of white
In sweet home-canned goods the goal is to make something that jells, lest you
  bottle syrup.
We have some that are so sweet the syrup stands in the pan where they are baked.
Rice syrup's thick, viscous nature allows foods made with it to firm up unlike
  runnier sweet liquids such as maple syrup.
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