9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[si-stem-ik] /sɪˈstɛm ɪk/
of or relating to a system.
Physiology, Pathology.
  1. pertaining to or affecting the body as a whole.
  2. pertaining to or affecting a particular body system.
(of a pesticide) absorbed and circulated by a plant or other organism so as to be lethal to pests that feed on it.
Origin of systemic
1795-1805; system + -ic
Related forms
systemically, adverb
nonsystemic, adjective
Can be confused
systematic, systemic. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for systemic
  • systemic factors may have selected these individuals for ruthlessness.
  • It is metabolized and excreted so quickly that systemic antibacterial reactions are quite rare.
  • The outlook for patients with systemic scleroderma has generally improved over the years.
  • Today, there is no hint of systemic police corruption.
  • Why they aren't on grade is the question that needs to be addressed if this systemic problem will ever be solved.
  • systemic, unambiguous support for public-engagement and recruitment efforts can yield impressive results.
  • As a result, the program tends to reinforce the status quo, rather than promote systemic creativity and dynamism.
  • It is a systemic problem brought on by fewer and fewer restrictions within a free market economy.
  • Months and years of my life have been taken away, and nothing short of systemic transformation will redeem them.
  • But the truth of the matter is that bullying in academe is systemic.
British Dictionary definitions for systemic


/sɪˈstɛmɪk; -ˈstiː-/
another word for systematic (sense 1), systematic (sense 2)
(physiol) (of a poison, disease, etc) affecting the entire body
(of a pesticide, fungicide, etc) spreading through all the parts of a plant and making it toxic to pests or parasites without destroying it
a systemic pesticide, fungicide, etc
Derived Forms
systemically, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for systemic

1803, irregularly formed from system, used in medicine and biology for differentiation of meaning from systematic. Related: Systemically.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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systemic in Medicine

systemic sys·tem·ic (sĭ-stěm'ĭk)

  1. Of or relating to a system.

  2. Of, relating to, or affecting the entire body or an entire organism.

  3. Relating to or affecting a particular body system, especially the nervous system.

  4. Relating to systemic circulation.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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