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city and capital of Kagawa ken (prefecture), Shikoku, Japan, facing the Inland Sea. It was a castle town of the Tokugawa family from 1642 to 1868. A railway ferry was opened in 1910 between Takamatsu and Uno, in Okayama prefecture, thereby linking the city to the island of Honshu. The subsequent extension of railway lines and concentration of traffic in Takamatsu made the city the administrative, economic, and cultural centre of Shikoku. The city's industries include machinery, tools, pulp, paper, food, and furniture production.