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talion

[tal-ee-uh n] /ˈtæl i ən/
noun
Origin
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; < Latin tāliōn- (stem of tāliō) exaction of compensation in kind; replacing late Middle English talioun < Anglo-French < Latin, as above
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for talion

talion

/ˈtælɪən/
noun
1.
the system or legal principle of making the punishment correspond to the crime; retaliation
Word Origin
C15: via Old French from Latin tāliō, from tālis such
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for talion

lex talionis

principle developed in early Babylonian law and present in both biblical and early Roman law that criminals should receive as punishment precisely those injuries and damages they had inflicted upon their victims. Many early societies applied this "eye-for-an-eye" principle literally.

Learn more about lex talionis with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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