tally

[tal-ee]
noun, plural tallies.
1.
an account or reckoning; a record of debit and credit, of the score of a game, or the like.
2.
Also called tally stick. a stick of wood with notches cut to indicate the amount of a debt or payment, often split lengthwise across the notches, the debtor retaining one piece and the creditor the other.
3.
anything on which a score or account is kept.
4.
a notch or mark made on or in a tally.
5.
a number or group of items recorded.
6.
a mark made to register a certain number of items, as four consecutive vertical lines with a diagonal line through them to indicate a group of five.
7.
a number of objects serving as a unit of computation.
8.
a ticket, label, or mark used as a means of identification, classification, etc.
9.
anything corresponding to another thing as a counterpart or duplicate.
verb (used with object), tallied, tallying.
10.
to mark or enter on a tally; register; record.
11.
to count or reckon up.
12.
to furnish with a tally or identifying label.
13.
to cause to correspond or agree.
verb (used without object), tallied, tallying.
14.
to correspond, as one part of a tally with the other; accord or agree: Does his story tally with hers?
15.
to score a point or make a goal, as in a game.

Origin:
1275–1325; (noun) Middle English taly < Medieval Latin talia, variant of Latin tālea rod, cutting, literally, heel-piece, derivative of tālus heel; (v.) late Middle English talyen, derivative of the noun

tallier, noun
retally, noun, plural retallies, verb, retallied, retallying.
untallied, adjective


1. inventory, count, enumeration. 10. enroll, list. 11. enumerate, calculate.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
tally (ˈtælɪ)
 
vb , -lies, -lying, -lied
1.  (intr) to correspond one with the other: the two stories don't tally
2.  (tr) to supply with an identifying tag
3.  (intr) to keep score
4.  obsolete (tr) to record or mark
 
n , -lies, -lying, -lied, -lies
5.  any record of debit, credit, the score in a game, etc
6.  a ticket, label, or mark, used as a means of identification, classification, etc
7.  a counterpart or duplicate of something, such as the counterfoil of a cheque
8.  a stick used (esp formerly) as a record of the amount of a debt according to the notches cut in it
9.  a notch or mark cut in or made on such a stick
10.  a mark or number of marks used to represent a certain number in counting
11.  (Austral), (NZ) the total number of sheep shorn by one shearer in a specified period of time
 
[C15: from Medieval Latin tālea, from Latin: a stick; related to Latin tālus heel]
 
'tallier
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

tally
1440, "stick marked with notches to indicate amount owed or paid," from Anglo-Fr. tallie (1321), Anglo-L. talea (1189), from M.L. tallia, from L. talea "a cutting, rod, stick" (see tailor, and cf. sense history of score). Meaning "a thing that
matches another" first recorded 1651, said to be from practice of splitting a tally lengthwise, debtor and creditor each retaining one of the halves. Sports sense of "a total score" is from 1856. The verb is c.1440, from M.L. talliare "to tax," from tallia.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
They keep tally on what's theirs and what's not because they have learned to
  count.
We are going to keep a running tally of where people stand.
If the hand tally matches the machine tally, the county can recount the
  remaining ballots by machine only.
And newspapers had yet to turn the admissions cycle into an annual tally of
  percentages and prestige.
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