the pod of a large, tropical tree, Tamarindus indica, of the legume family, containing seeds enclosed in a juicy acid pulp that is used in beverages and food.
the tree itself.

1525–35; < Medieval Latin tamarindusArabic tamr hindī literally, Indian date

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tamarind (ˈtæmərɪnd)
1.  a leguminous tropical evergreen tree, Tamarindus indica, having pale yellow red-streaked flowers and brown pulpy pods, each surrounded by a brittle shell
2.  the acid fruit of this tree, used as a food and to make beverages and medicines
3.  the wood of this tree
[C16: from Medieval Latin tamarindus, ultimately from Arabic tamr hindī Indian date, from tamr date + hindī Indian, from Hind India]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1533, from O.Fr. tamarinde (15c.), from Arabic tamr hindi, lit. "date of India." First element cognate with Heb. tamar "palm tree, date palm."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
If there is no tamarind to act as bride, a jasmine will serve the turn.
Intriguing ovo-recipes include eggs in tamarind sauce.
Seafood house specialties include catfish and tamarind shrimp, plus five tofu
Add thin coconut milk and season with salt, tamarind paste, and palm sugar.
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