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tamas

[tuhm-uh s] /ˈtʌm əs/
noun, Hinduism.
1.
See under guna.
Origin
< Sanskrit: darkness
Related forms
tamasic
[tuh-mas-ik] /təˈmæs ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective

guna

[goo n-uh] /ˈgʊn ə/
noun
1.
(in Sankhya and Vedantic philosophy) one of the three qualities of prakriti, or nature, which are passion (rajas) dullness or inertia (tamas) and goodness or purity (sattva)
Origin
1860-65; < Sanskrit guṇa thread, quality
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Contemporary definitions for tamas
noun

a state of ignorance or inactivity, the lowest of the three gunas (qualities of nature) in Hindu philosophy

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