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tarpan

[tahr-pan] /tɑrˈpæn/
noun
1.
a small, dun-colored wild horse chiefly of southern Russia, having a flowing mane and tail: extinct since the early 20th century but somewhat restored by selective breeding of mixed-breed domestic horses, and sustained in zoos.
Origin
1835-1845
1835-45; < Russian tarpán, said to be < Kazakh or Kirghiz
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for tarpan

tarpan

/ˈtɑːpæn/
noun
1.
a European wild horse, Equus caballus gomelini, common in prehistoric times but now extinct
Word Origin
from Kirghiz Tatar
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for tarpan

European wild horse that survived in small herds in remote parts of central Europe during the Middle Ages but became extinct early in the 20th century. It is likely that late survivors crossed with domesticated horses. The Munich Zoo produced a tarpan-like horse by selective breeding of domestic horses known to have tarpan ancestry. These specimens are exhibited in zoos in the United States and Europe. They are small, dun-coloured horses with flowing manes and tails

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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8
10
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