[tar-uh-gon, -guhn]
an Old World plant, Artemisia dracunculus, having aromatic leaves used for seasoning.
the leaves themselves.
Also called estragon.

1530–40; earlier taragon < Middle French targon, variant of tarc(h)on < Medieval Latin < Medieval Greek tarchṓn < Arabic ṭarkhūn < Greek drákōn literally, dragon; compare Latin dracunculus tarragon

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World English Dictionary
tarragon (ˈtærəɡən)
1.  an aromatic perennial plant, Artemisia dracunculus, of the Old World, having whitish flowers and small toothed leaves, which are used as seasoning: family Asteraceae (composites)
2.  the leaves of this plant
[C16: from Old French targon, from Medieval Latin tarcon, from Arabic tarkhūn, perhaps from Greek drakontion adderwort]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1538, from M.L. tragonia, from Byzantine Gk. tarchon, from Arabic tarkhon, from a non-Arabic source, perhaps Gk. drakon (from drakontion "dragonwort"). Eastern European plant of the wormwood genus (Artemisia Dracunculus), whose aromatic leaves were used for flavoring (especially vinegar). Cf. Sp. taragona,
It. targone, Fr. estragon.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Cook one-half teaspoon finely chopped shallot in one tablespoon tarragon
  vinegar five minutes.
At lunch the spotlight is on soups, salads and specialty sandwiches including
  tarragon chicken salad and daily vegetarian options.
Tarragon, chives, and parsley temper the richness of the hazelnuts.
Reheat gently, sprinkle with parsley and tarragon, and serve.
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