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noun, genitive Tauri [tawr-ahy] , for 1.
Astronomy. the Bull, a zodiacal constellation between Gemini and Aries, containing the bright star Aldebaran.
the second sign of the zodiac: the fixed earth sign. See illus. under zodiac.
a person born under this sign, usually between April 20th and May 20th.

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin


[tawr-uhs] ,
a mountain range in S Turkey: highest peak, 12,251 feet (3734 meters).
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World English Dictionary
Taurus (ˈtɔːrəs, ˈtɔːrɪən, tɔːˈrɪən)
n , Latin genitive Tauri
1.  astronomy a zodiacal constellation in the N hemisphere lying close to Orion and between Aries and Gemini. It contains the star Aldebaran, the star clusters Hyades and Pleiades, and the Crab Nebula
2.  astrology
 a.  Also called: the Bull the second sign of the zodiac, symbol ♉, having a fixed earth classification and ruled by the planet Venus. The sun is in this sign between about April 20 and May 20
 b.  a person born when the sun is in this sign
3.  born under or characteristic of Taurus
[C14: from Latin: bull]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

zodiac constellation, c.1391, from L. taurus "bull," from PIE *tauro- "bull" (cf. Gk. tauros, L. taurus "bull, bullock, steer;" O.C.S. turu "bull, steer;" Lith. tauras "aurochs;" O.Pruss. tauris "bison"), often said to be from PIE *steu-ro- "be big, be strong, be sturdy" (cf. Skt. sthura- "thick, compact,"
Avestan staora- "big cattle," M.Pers. stor "horse, draft animal," Goth. stiur "young bull," O.E. steor, see steer (n.)). Klein proposes a Sem. origin (cf. Aramaic tora "ox, bull, steer," Heb. shor, Arabic thor, Ethiopian sor). Meaning "person born under the sign of the bull" is recorded from 1901. Hence also tauromachy "bull-fighting," from Gk. tauromakhia (see -machy).
"What form great Jove would next devise,
And when his godship would again Taurise?"
[William Somerville, 1727]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
Taurus   (tôr'əs)  Pronunciation Key 
A constellation in the Northern Hemisphere near Orion and Aries. Taurus (the Bull) contains the bright star Aldebaran and the grouping known as the Pleiades. It is the second sign of the zodiac.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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