tax

[taks]
noun
1.
a sum of money demanded by a government for its support or for specific facilities or services, levied upon incomes, property, sales, etc.
2.
a burdensome charge, obligation, duty, or demand.
verb (used with object)
3.
a.
to demand a tax from (a person, business, etc.).
b.
to demand a tax in consideration of the possession or occurrence of (income, goods, sales, etc.), usually in proportion to the value of money involved.
4.
to lay a burden on; make serious demands on: to tax one's resources.
5.
to take to task; censure; reprove; accuse: to tax one with laziness.
6.
Informal. to charge: What did he tax you for that?
7.
Archaic. to estimate or determine the amount or value of.
verb (used without object)
8.
to levy taxes.

Origin:
1250–1300; (v.) Middle English taxen < Medieval Latin taxāre to tax, appraise, Latin: to appraise, handle, frequentative of tangere to touch; (noun) Middle English, derivative of the v.

taxer, noun
taxingly, adverb
taxless, adjective
taxlessly, adverb
taxlessness, noun
antitax, adjective
nontax, noun, adjective
nontaxer, noun
protax, adjective
retax, verb (used with object)
self-taxed, adjective
subtaxer, noun
undertaxed, adjective
untax, verb (used with object)
well-taxed, adjective

tacks, tax.


1. duty, impost, levy. 4. strain, tire, stretch.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

tax-

variant of taxo- before a vowel: taxeme.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
tax (tæks)
 
n
1.  a compulsory financial contribution imposed by a government to raise revenue, levied on the income or property of persons or organizations, on the production costs or sales prices of goods and services, etc
2.  a heavy demand on something; strain: a tax on our resources
 
vb
3.  to levy a tax on (persons, companies, etc, or their incomes, etc)
4.  to make heavy demands on; strain: to tax one's intellect
5.  to accuse, charge, or blame: he was taxed with the crime
6.  to determine (the amount legally chargeable or allowable to a party to a legal action), as by examining the solicitor's bill of costs: to tax costs
7.  slang to steal
 
[C13: from Old French taxer, from Latin taxāre to appraise, from tangere to touch]
 
'taxer
 
n
 
'taxless
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

tax
late 13c., from O.Fr. taxer "impose a tax" (13c.), from L. taxare "evaluate, estimate, assess, handle," also "censure, charge," probably a frequentative form of tangere "to touch" (see tangent). Sense of "burden, put a strain on" first recorded 1672; that of "censure, reprove"
is from 1560s. Use in Luke ii for Gk. apographein "to enter on a list, enroll" is due to Tyndale. The noun is recorded from early 14c. Tax shelter is attested from 1961; taxpayer from 1816.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

tax

In addition to the idiom beginning with tax, also see death and taxes.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

tax

imposition of compulsory levies on individuals or entities by governments. Taxes are levied in almost every country of the world, primarily to raise revenue for government expenditures, although they serve other purposes as well.

Learn more about tax with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
These will also reduce your taxable income because this is taken out before you
  pay tax on your salary.
There can be a combination of income, capital gain, and estate tax savings.
Of course, when it comes time to collect, the president will be required to pay
  income tax.
With family income shrinking, and tax revenues dwindling, choices had to be
  made.
Idioms & Phrases
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