teen

teen

1 [teen]
noun
1.
Archaic. suffering; grief.
2.
Obsolete. injury; harm.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English tene, Old English tēona; cognate with Old Frisian tiona, Old Saxon tiono, Old Norse tjōn

Dictionary.com Unabridged

teen

2 [teen]
adjective
noun
2.
a teenager.

Origin:
1940–45; by shortening

-teen

a suffix used to form cardinal numerals from 13 to 19.

Origin:
Middle English, Old English -tēne, combining form of ten; cognate with Dutch -tien, German -zehn

teens

[teenz]
plural noun
the numbers 13 through 19, especially in a progression, as the 13th through the 19th years of a lifetime or of a given or implied century.

Origin:
1595–1605; teen (extracted from numbers with -teen as final element) + -s3

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
teen1 (tiːn)
 
adj
informal another word for teenage

teen2 (tiːn)
 
n
obsolete affliction or woe
 
[Old English tēona; related to Old Saxon tiono, Old Frisian tiona injury]

-teen
 
n combining form
ten: added to modified forms of the numbers 3 to 9 to form the numbers 13 to 19
 
[Old English -tēne, -tӯne]
 
-teenth
 
adj combining form

teens (tiːnz)
 
pl n
1.  the years of a person's life between the ages of 13 and 19 inclusive
2.  all the numbers that end in -teen

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

-teen
combining form meaning "ten more than," from O.E. -tene, -tiene, from P.Gmc. *tekhuniz (cf. O.S. -tein, Du. -tien, O.H.G. -zehan, Ger. -zehn, Goth. -taihun), an inflected form of the root of ten; cognate with L. -decim (cf. It. -dici, Sp. -ce, Fr. -ze). The combining form of
ordinal numbers, -teenth, developed from O.E. -teoða, -teoðe (W.Saxon), teogoða (Anglian) "tenth."

teens
1673 (plural), formed from -teen, taken as a separate word.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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