Teheran

Teheran

[te-ran, -rahn, te-huh-, tey-uh-; Persian te-hrahn]
noun
a city in and the capital of Iran, in the N part: wartime conference of Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin 1943.
Also, Tehran.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

Iran

[ih-ran, ih-rahn, ahy-ran]
noun
a republic in SW Asia. About 635,000 sq. mi. (1,644,650 sq. km). Capital: Teheran.
Formerly (until 1935) Persia.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Iran (ɪˈrɑːn)
 
n
See also Persian Empire Former name (until 1935): Persia, Official name: Islamic Republic of Iran a republic in SW Asia, between the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf: a monarchy until an Islamic revolution in 1979 headed by the Ayatollah Khomeini when the Shah was obliged to leave the country. Consists chiefly of a high central desert plateau almost completely surrounded by mountains, a semitropical fertile region along the Caspian coast, and a hot and dry area beside the Persian Gulf. Oil is the most important export. Official language: Persian (Iranian or Farsi). Official religion: Muslim majority. Currency: rial. Capital: Tehran. Pop: 68 789 000 (2004 est). Area: 1 647 050 sq km (635 932 sq miles)

Tehran or Teheran (tɛəˈrɑːn, -ˈræn, tɛəˈrɑːn, -ˈræn)
 
n
the capital of Iran, at the foot of the Elburz Mountains: built on the site of the ancient capital Ray, destroyed by Mongols in 1220; became capital in the 1790s; three universities. Pop: 7 352 000 (2005 est)
 
Teheran or Teheran
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Iran
from Pers. Iran, from Middle Persian Ērān "(land) of the Iranians," gen. pl. of ēr- "an Iranian," from Old Iranian *arya- (O. Pers. ariya-, Avestan airya-) "Iranian", from Indo-Iranian *arya- or *ārya- (see Aryan), a self-designation, perhaps meaning "compatriot."
In 1935 the government of Reza Shah Pahlavi requested governments with which it had diplomatic relations to call his country Iran, after the indigenous name, rather than the Gk.-derived Persia.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Iran [(i-ran, i-rahn, eye-ran)]

Republic in the Middle East, bordered by Armenia, the Caspian Sea, Turkmenistan, and Azerbaijan to the north; Afghanistan and Pakistan to the east; the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf to the south; and Iraq and Turkey to the west. Its capital and largest city is Teheran.

Note: Core of the ancient Persian Empire, Iran was known as Persia until 1935.
Note: The United States supported the regime of the shah (king) Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, who was forced by popular opposition to leave the country in 1979.
Note: Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini ruled from 1979 until his death in 1989, imposing strict Islamic law.
Note: In 1979, Iranian militants attacked the U.S. embassy and seized hostages, including sixty-two Americans, who were held until 1981.
Note: Iraq unsuccessfully invaded Iran in 1980.
Note: The Iranian government was widely believed to have controlled the taking of U. S. hostages in Lebanon. (See Iran-Contra affair.)
Note: The 1990s saw some moderating elements emerge to challenge the conservative heirs to Khomeini.
Teheran [(te-rahn, te-ran, tay-uh-rahn, tay-uh-ran)]

Capital of Iran and the largest city in the country; located in northern Iran.

Note: Site of the Teheran Conference (1943), at which United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin met and agreed on Allied war plans and postwar cooperation in the United Nations.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
IRAN
individual retirement annuity
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Related Words
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