tempest

[tem-pist]
noun
1.
a violent windstorm, especially one with rain, hail, or snow.
2.
a violent commotion, disturbance, or tumult.
verb (used with object)
3.
to affect by or as by a tempest; disturb violently.
Idioms
4.
tempest in a teacup. teacup ( def 3 ).

Origin:
1200–50; Middle English tempeste < Old French < Vulgar Latin *tempesta, for Latin tempestās season, weather, storm, equivalent to tempes- (variant stem of tempus time) + -tās -ty2

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Tempest, The

noun
a comedy (1611) by Shakespeare.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
tempest (ˈtɛmpɪst)
 
n
1.  literary chiefly a violent wind or storm
2.  a violent commotion, uproar, or disturbance
 
vb
3.  poetic (tr) to agitate or disturb violently
 
[C13: from Old French tempeste, from Latin tempestās storm, from tempus time]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

tempest
"violent storm," mid-13c., from O.Fr. tempeste (11c.), from V.L. *tempesta, from L. tempestas (gen. tempestatis) "storm, weather, season," also "commotion, disturbance," related to tempus "time, season." Sense evolution is from "period of time" to "period of weather," to "bad weather" to "storm." Words
for "weather" were originally words for "time" in languages from Russia to Brittany. Figurative sense of "violent commotion" is recorded from early 14c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The unaccustomed feels the sensation of being in a panic, in a tempest, in a cyclone.
The tempest suddenly acquired a new political dimension unforeseen by shakespeare.
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