tench

[tench]
noun, plural tenches (especially collectively) tench.
a freshwater food fish, Tinca tinca, of Europe and Asia that can survive short periods out of water.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English tenche < Middle French, Old French < Late Latin tinca

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World English Dictionary
tench (tɛntʃ)
 
n
a European freshwater cyprinid game fish, Tinca tinca, having a thickset dark greenish body with a barbel at each side of the mouth
 
[C14: from Old French tenche, from Late Latin tinca]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

tench

(species Tinca tinca), widely distributed European food and sport fish of the carp family Cyprinidae (order Cypriniformes), noted for its ability to survive low oxygen conditions. The tench is a stout, small-scaled fish with a barbel at each corner of its mouth and a thick, slimy skin. It is greenish or blackish and usually 18-35 cm (7-14 inches) long with a weight of about 2 kg (4 12 pounds). Most abundant in quiet, mud-bottomed waters thick with plants, it feeds mainly on small animals and plants. It was once thought able to cure injured fishes and was also applied to human wounds. The golden tench is a red-gold variety of the species sometimes kept in ponds.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Coarse fish swam in them: pike and carp, tench and bream, and so on down to the tiny dace and gudgeon.
Ere from its bed the dusky tench leapt at the dragonfly.
Both lakes contain a mix of carp, bream, tench and roach of varying weights.
Other fish that may end up on your hook are tench, rudd, roach and perch.
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