tenderloin

[ten-der-loin]
noun
1.
(in beef or pork) the tender meat of the muscle running through the sirloin and terminating before the ribs.
2.
a cut of beef lying between the sirloin and ribs.
3.
(initial capital letter)
a.
(formerly) a district in New York City noted for corruption and vice: so called because police there could eat well from their bribes.
b.
a similar district in any U.S. city.

Origin:
1820–30, Americanism; tender1 + loin

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
tenderloin (ˈtɛndəˌlɔɪn)
 
n
1.  a tender cut of pork or other meat from between the sirloin and ribs
2.  (US) a district of a city that is particularly noted for vice and corruption
 
[sense 2 from Tenderloin, former district of New York City, regarded as an easy source of bribes for a corrupt policeman]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

tenderloin
1828, "tender part of a loin of pork or beef," from tender + loin. The slang meaning "police district noted for vice" appeared first 1887 in New York, on the notion of the neighborhood of the chief theaters, restaurants, etc., being the "juciest cut" for graft and blackmail.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Cut beef tenderloin in slices one inch thick, and trim into circular shapes.
The tenderloin of beef which lies under the loin and rump is called fillet of
  beef.
The family does not seek sustenance in a rare tenderloin but in an underdone
  undercut or fillet.
The color is that same lovely pink you see on a dove tenderloin, or a slightly
  underdone chicken thigh.
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