The sawing-in is done with a broad saw; the so-called "tenon saw" being the one most generally used.
The tenon is one hole in length, and the head of the standard one hole and a half in length.
The tenon ends are cut on the rails, care being taken to get the right angle and a good fit.
A stub mortise-and-tenon is made by cutting only two sides of the tenon beam.
It is put together, generally by mortise, tenon and cotter, but it has four original screws all made by hand with the file.
It is used to keep a tenon tightly fixed as in wheel spokes.
Lay out the tenons on the ends of the rails as shown in the sketch and cut with a tenon saw and chisel.
The rule is that the tenon should be one-half the width of the rail, minus the groove.
The projection is called the tenon, and the cavity the mortise.
The tenon should be strong enough to share the strain with the shoulders.
teno- or tenon-