canopy, usually of carved or cloth-draped wood, over a bed, tomb, pulpit, or throne. It dates from the 14th century and is usually made of the same material as the object it covers. It can be supported either by four posts, by two posts at the foot and a headpiece at the back, or by suspension from the ceiling. The edges may overhang and in some cases are decorated with incised work or a fabric valance. The word, derived from the late Latin testa ("head"), came into use in the Middle Ages, originally referring only to the vertical headpiece.
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