1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin testiculus. See testis, -cle1

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World English Dictionary
testicle (ˈtɛstɪkəl)
Also called: testis either of the two male reproductive glands, in most mammals enclosed within the scrotum, that produce spermatozoa and the hormone testosterone
[C15: from Latin testiculus, diminutive of testis testicle]

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Word Origin & History

1590s, alteration of testicule (early 15c.), from L. testiculus, dim. of testis "testicle" (see testis). The O.E. was herþan, probably originally "leather bag" (cf. heorþa "deer-skin"). The commonest slang terms for them in other languages are words that mean
"balls," "stones," "nuts," "eggs."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

testicle tes·ti·cle (těs'tĭ-kəl)
A testis, especially one contained within the scrotum.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
testicle   (těs'tĭ-kəl)  Pronunciation Key 
Either of the testes of a male mammal together with the scrotum that contains it.
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