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testudo

[te-stoo-doh, -styoo-] /tɛˈstu doʊ, -ˈstyu-/
noun, plural testudines
[te-stood-n-eez, -styood-] /tɛˈstud nˌiz, -ˈstyud-/ (Show IPA)
1.
(among the ancient Romans) a movable shelter with a strong and usually fireproof arched roof, used for protection of soldiers in siege operations.
2.
a shelter formed by overlapping oblong shields, held by soldiers above their heads.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400 for earlier sense “tumor”; 1600-10 for def 1; Middle English < Latin testūdō tortoise, tortoise shell, siege engine; akin to test2
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for testudo

testudo

/tɛˈstjuːdəʊ/
noun (pl) -dines (-dɪˌniːz)
1.
a form of shelter used by the ancient Roman Army for protection against attack from above, consisting either of a mobile arched structure or of overlapping shields held by the soldiers over their heads
Word Origin
C17: from Latin: a tortoise, from testa a shell
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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