|Tex, Abbreviation: TX a state of the southwestern US, on the Gulf of Mexico: the second largest state; part of Mexico from 1821 to 1836, when it was declared an independent republic; joined the US in 1845; consists chiefly of a plain, with a wide flat coastal belt rising up to the semiarid Sacramento and Davis Mountains of the southwest; a major producer of cotton, rice, and livestock; the chief US producer of oil and gas; a leading world supplier of sulphur. Capital: Austin. Pop: 22 118 509 (2003 est). Area: 678 927 sq km (262 134 sq miles)|
State in the southwestern United States bordered by Oklahoma to the north, Arkansas and Louisiana to the east, the Gulf of Mexico and Mexico to the south, and New Mexico to the west. Its capital is Austin, and its largest city is Houston.
Note: One of the border states with Mexico; Mexican aliens often cross the border into Texas.
Note: One of the Confederate states during the Civil War.
Note: Long the largest state, it became second largest with the admission of Alaska as the forty-ninth state in 1959.