a person trained in the use of physical methods, as exercises, heat treatments, etc., in treating or rehabilitating the sick or wounded or helping patients overcome physical defects.
a person trained in the use of psychological methods for helping patients overcome psychological problems.
Also, therapeutist [ther-uh-pyoo-tist] . a person, as a doctor, skilled in therapeutics.

1885–90; therap(y) + -ist Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
therapist (ˈθɛrəpɪst)
a person skilled in a particular type of therapy: a physical therapist

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1886, from therapy + -ist; earlier was therapeutist (1816). Especially of psychotherapy practitioners from c.1930s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

therapist ther·a·pist (thěr'ə-pĭst)
One who specializes in the provision of a particular therapy.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
They self-diagnose, search out a therapist, or share illness stories.
But she would never ask to quit, her physical therapist says.
My mom worked full-time as a physical therapist, yet prepared dinner each night
  for our family of five.
Short story about a divorced, lonely attorney's brief relationship with a
  therapist he meets at the jail.
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