thiophene

[thahy-uh-feen]
noun Chemistry.
a water-insoluble, colorless liquid, C 4 H 4 S, resembling benzene, occurring in crude coal-tar benzene: used chiefly as a solvent and in organic synthesis.
Also, thiophen [thahy-uh-fen] .


Origin:
1880–85; thio- + -phene, word-final variant of phen-

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World English Dictionary
thiophen or thiophene (ˈθaɪəʊˌfɛn, ˈθaɪəʊˌfiːn)
 
n
Also called: thiofuran a colourless liquid heterocyclic compound found in the benzene fraction of coal tar and manufactured from butane and sulphur. It has an odour resembling that of benzene and is used as a solvent and in the manufacture of dyes, pharmaceuticals, and resins. Formula: C4H4S
 
thiophene or thiophene
 
n

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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
thiophene   (thī'ə-fēn')  Pronunciation Key 
A colorless liquid used as a solvent. The chemical properties of thiophene resemble those of benzene, which occurs with it in coal tar. Thiophene has a ring of four carbon atoms and one sulfur atom, and among its derivatives are biotin, various plant pigments, and some pharmaceuticals. Chemical formula: C4H4S.
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Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

thiophene

the simplest sulfur-containing aromatic compound, with molecular formula C4H4S, which closely resembles benzene in its chemical and physical properties. It occurs with benzene in coal tar, from which source it was first isolated in 1883. Today, thiophene is prepared commercially from butane or butene and sulfur or sulfur dioxide. Certain thiophene derivatives occur as plant pigments and other natural products. Biotin is a reduced thiophene derivative. The antihistamine methapyrilene (Thenylene) and certain other synthetic pharmaceuticals contain the thiophene nucleus, but there are few synthetic thiophene compounds of importance.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
In addition, model compound studies have been conducted to examine the cracking of thiophene over the same catalysts.
The alkyl-thiophene peaks may include also some alkyl and aryl sulfides which are not separated on the column used.
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