though

[thoh]
conjunction
1.
(used in introducing a subordinate clause, which is often marked by ellipsis) notwithstanding that; in spite of the fact that; although: Though he tried very hard, he failed the course.
2.
even if; granting that (often preceded by even ).
adverb
3.
for all that; however.
Idioms
4.
as though, as if: It seems as though the place is deserted.

Origin:
1150–1200; Middle English thoh < Old Norse thō (earlier *thauh); replacing Old English thēah; cognate with German doch, Gothic thauh


Among some conservatives there is a traditional objection to the use of though in place of although as a conjunction. However, the latter (earlier all though) was originally an emphatic form of the former, and there is nothing in contemporary English usage to justify such a distinction.
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World English Dictionary
though (ðəʊ)
 
conj
1.  (sometimes preceded by even) despite the fact that: though he tries hard, he always fails; poor though she is, her life is happy
2.  as though as if: he looked as though he'd seen a ghost
 
adv
3.  nevertheless; however: he can't dance: he sings well, though
 
[Old English theah; related to Old Frisian thāch, Old Saxon, Old High German thōh, Old Norse thō]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

though
c.1200, from O.E. þeah, and in part from O.N. þo "though," both from P.Gmc. *thaukh (cf. Goth. þauh, O.Fris. thach, M.Du., Du. doch, O.H.G. doh, Ger. doch), from PIE demonstrative pronoun *to- (see that). The evolution of the terminal sound did not follow
laugh, tough, etc., though a tendency to end the word in "f" existed c.1300-1750 and persists in dialects.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

though

see as if (though).

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
It's early research, though, and the technology needs to be developed further.
We'll still have to qualify this as a rumor, though.
Collecting and processing more of the radio spectrum requires more power,
  though, because more frequencies must be sorted through.
Getting doctors to accept the new tool will be key to realizing that vision,
  though.
Idioms & Phrases
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