toccata

toccata

[tuh-kah-tuh; Italian tawk-kah-tah]
noun, plural toccatas, toccate [tuh-kah-tee; Italian tawk-kah-te] . Music.
a composition in the style of an improvisation, for the piano, organ, or other keyboard instrument, intended to exhibit the player's technique.

Origin:
1715–25; < Italian: literally, touched, past participle feminine of toccare to touch

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Collins
World English Dictionary
toccata (təˈkɑːtə)
 
n
a rapid keyboard composition for organ, harpsichord, etc, dating from the baroque period, usually in a rhythmically free style
 
[C18: from Italian, literally: touched, from toccare to play (an instrument), touch]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

toccata
1724, from It., from toccare "to touch." A composition for keyboard instrument, intended to exhibit the touch and technique of the performer, and having the air of an improvisation.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

toccata

musical form for keyboard instruments, written in a free style that is characterized by full chords, rapid runs, high harmonies, and other virtuoso elements designed to show off the performer's "touch." The earliest use of the term (about 1536) was associated with solo lute music of an improvisatory character

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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