Former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney went after President Obama for taking a top-down approach.
These top-down schemes need city-size investment, and the citizen does not need to worry about the consequences, we are told.
What was once a far more hierarchical, top-down, and force-fed relationship is much flatter and more voluntary.
Cameron's "Big Idea" is that the world has changed, and that old-style, top-down government is a relic of a bygone era.
In addition, its organizational structure is more decentralized than the Boy Scouts, which has a top-down hierarchy.
We need to challenge this top-down decree that all web connections should, by default, be child-friendly.
The lack of available candidates is a bottom-up problem, and not necessarily a top-down problem.
Distributed knowledge and interconnectedness have replaced the structure of top-down command.
Instead of the top- down model of politics, we can experience a combination of bottom-up and top-down procedures.
The old way dispensed services through large, top-down, inflexible bureaucracies.