topiary

[toh-pee-er-ee] Horticulture.
adjective
1.
(of a plant) clipped or trimmed into fantastic shapes.
2.
of or pertaining to such trimming.
noun, plural topiaries.
3.
topiary work; the topiary art.
4.
a garden containing such work.

Origin:
1585–95; < Latin topiārius pertaining to landscape-gardening or to ornamental gardens, equivalent to topi(a) (plural) artificial landscape (< Greek tópia (singular topion), diminutive of tópos place) + -ārius -ary

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World English Dictionary
topiary (ˈtəʊpɪərɪ)
 
adj
1.  of, relating to, or characterized by the trimming or training of trees or bushes into artificial decorative animal, geometric, or other shapes
 
n , -aries
2.  a.  topiary work
 b.  a topiary garden
3.  the art of topiary
 
[C16: from French topiaire, from Latin topia decorative garden work, from Greek topion little place, from topos place]
 
topiarian
 
adj
 
'topiarist
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

topiary
1592, from L. topiarius "of or pertaining to ornamental gardening," from topia "ornamental gardening," from Gk. topia, pl. of topion, originally "a field," dim. of topos "place." The noun is first recorded 1908, from the adj.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Compact, well branched, good for shearing into formal hedges or topiary shapes.
Dense foliage right to ground makes it good for screens, hedges, clipped topiary shapes.
To spruce them up for the holidays, set the topiary tree in an attractive container.
Topiary involves pruning trees and shrubs into geometric or animal shapes.
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