He knows the topography and geography of Israel/Palestine, literally street by street and wadi by wadi.
In the earliest days of agriculture, having the right temperatures, rainfall, and topography was all-important.
For cities, topography is destiny and most especially this is true of Venice.
topography to·pog·ra·phy (tə-pŏg'rə-fē)
The description of the regions of the body or of a body part, especially the regions of a definite and limited area of the surface.