torques

[tawr-kweez]

Origin:
1560–70; < Latin torquēs twisted necklace or collar, equivalent to torqu(ēre) to twist (akin to Greek trépein to turn) + -ēs feminine deverbative noun suffix

Dictionary.com Unabridged

torque

[tawrk]
noun
1.
Mechanics. something that produces or tends to produce torsion or rotation; the moment of a force or system of forces tending to cause rotation.
2.
Machinery. the measured ability of a rotating element, as of a gear or shaft, to overcome turning resistance.
3.
Optics. the rotational effect on plane-polarized light passing through certain liquids or crystals.
4.
Also, torc. a collar, necklace, or similar ornament consisting of a twisted narrow band, usually of precious metal, worn especially by the ancient Gauls and Britons.
verb (used with object), torqued, torquing.
5.
Machinery. to apply torque to (a nut, bolt, etc.).
6.
to cause to rotate or twist.
verb (used without object), torqued, torquing.
7.
to rotate or twist.

Origin:
1825–35; < Latin torquēre to twist; (def 4) < French torque < Latin torques torques (torc perhaps < Irish ≪ L)

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
torque (tɔːk)
 
n
1.  Also: torc a necklace or armband made of twisted metal, worn esp by the ancient Britons and Gauls
2.  any force or system of forces that causes or tends to cause rotation
3.  the ability of a shaft to cause rotation
 
[C19: from Latin torquēs necklace, and torquēre to twist]

torques (ˈtɔːkwiːz)
 
n
a distinctive band of hair, feathers, skin, or colour around the neck of an animal; a collar
 
[C17: from Latin: necklace, from torquēre to twist]
 
torquate
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

torque
"rotating force," 1884, from L. torquere "to twist" (see thwart). The verb is attested from 1954. The word also is used (since 1834) by antiquarians and others as a term for the twisted metal necklace worn anciently by Gauls, Britons, Germans, etc., from L. torques in this
sense. Earlier it had been called in Eng. torques (1693).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

torque (tôrk)
n.
A turning or twisting force.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
torque  [%PREMIUM_LINK%]     (tôrk)  Pronunciation Key 
The tendency of a force applied to an object to make it rotate about an axis. For a force applied at a single point, the magnitude of the torque is equal to the magnitude of the force multiplied by the distance from its point of application to an axis of rotation. Torque is also a vector quantity, equal to the vector product of the vector pointing from the axis to the point of application of force and the vector of force; torque thus points upward from a counterclockwise rotation. See also angular momentum, lever.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
In manual designs, the driver shifts the gears to deliver different torques.
To compute the torque around a support, simply sum all the torques of the individual objects on the lever.
The article did say that depending on the torques, the spin would either speed up or slow down.
In the future, the time tendency for the last points will be estimated from the torques.
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