tort

[tawrt]
noun Law.
a wrongful act, not including a breach of contract or trust, that results in injury to another's person, property, reputation, or the like, and for which the injured party is entitled to compensation.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English: injury, wrong < Old French < Medieval Latin tortum wrong, injustice, noun use of neuter of Latin tortus twisted, crooked, dubious, past participle of torquēre to twist, wring

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World English Dictionary
tort (tɔːt)
 
n
law a civil wrong arising from an act or failure to act, independently of any contract, for which an action for personal injury or property damages may be brought
 
[C14: from Old French, from Medieval Latin tortum, literally: something twisted, from Latin torquēre to twist]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

tort
mid-13c., "injury, wrong," from O.Fr. tort (11c.), from M.L. tortum "injustice," noun use of neut. of tortus "wrung, twisted," pp. of L. torquere "turn, turn awry, twist, wring, distort" (see thwart). Legal sense of "breach of a duty, whereby someone acquires a right of action
for damages" is first recorded 1580s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Getting kids more active would also help, and one of the biggest obstacles here
  is our demented tort system.
We must end the junk lawsuits and enact tort reform.
In an effort to win bipartisan support, he raised the prospect of reforming the
  controversial system of medical tort.
Tiny steps in the direction of tort reform are also provided for.
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